At $3 billion, the Human Genome Project introduced a human genome for the first time about fifteen years ago. After this evolution, the decreased cost of genome study has allowed the researchers to perform genome sequencing for hundreds of people. Now, the government has initiated to produce population genomics projects that can improve people’s health.
Many research programs and institutes such as Genomics Health Futures Mission invest over $500 million in genomic research. It was done to diagnose several diseases and improve the testing to offer better treatment options and recover health.
But, do you know how population genomics came into being? Before we dwell more into the research projects, let us first understand what is meant by population genomics and how it evolves?
What Do You Understand By Population Genomics?
The population genomics program aims to make health care innovative and accelerate the discovery of genomic data by combining it with clinical information. It was conducted to learn extensively about health systems. While assessing the immediate requirements of patients, healthcare will be able to provide assistance to future patients.
Genomics transformed clinical medicine and is used to acquire information regarding genes for:
- Diagnosing the rare diseases
- Predicting the dangers of developing diseases
- Identifying genetic disorders
- Differentiating cancerous tumors for treatment options
With the widespread use of genomics, there are immense opportunities to refine and tailor disease management and treatment. The Genome Health Futures Mission is structured on research that illustrates the advantages of genomics for the health system and patients.
In addition, companies such as the 23 and Me DNA test allow scientists and patients to gain insights into genetics and data to act immediately to improve their health.
History Of Population Genomics
After Darwin, Population genomics became a subject of interest for many scientists. Restriction enzyme mapping and gel electrophoresis were the early methods scientists used to understand genetic variability at different loci.
During early times, genomics was constricted to studying the small portion of loci. With advancements in computer storage, power, and sequencing, scientists can study numerous loci from the population. To analyze the data, scientists require identifying outlier or non-neutral loci by selecting the particular genome region.
The selection of the genome region allowed the researchers and scientists to remove the loci to research the genome’s overall effects. Moreover, the scientists tried to discover their importance in improving healthcare.
How Population Genomics Benefit Healthcare?
Many studies have shown that genomics study helped improve the treatments for heart failure, dementia, and Alzheimer’s. By utilizing the genomic data, the scientist can identify treatments for patients at risk of developing rare conditions. This helped in treating the behavioral or cognitive disorders.
Another benefit of population genomics is that treatments are designed to meet the specific requirements of the patient. The scientists access the patient’s genetic code to determine what treatment is best that leads to the best outcomes.
The Genome Health Futures Mission aims to incorporate technology and genetic knowledge within clinical practices. They aim to study genomic safe and cost-effectiveness, along with treating Australian patients with life-threatening diseases.
How Government Took Initiative In Population Genomics?
The government begins direct consumer testing of genetics by launching companies and programs. The companies including AncestryDNA and 23 and Me DNA test consist of a huge database for population genomics research projects.
By now, 23 and Me DNA test report to have DNA-tested about ten million clients, and AncestryDNA has tested more than fifteen million individuals.
Nonetheless, Government initiative comes at significant expenditures. It includes expensive processes, general inefficiency, and complex administrative operations. That is why direct to consumer genetic testing allows affordable and easy genetic testing operations to obtain genetic information.
Nebula Genomics combined direct-to-consumer genetic testing with government-initiated population genomics programs. Additionally, they use advanced DNA sequencing technologies to generate more data for genetic testing.
The initiative by companies such as Genome Health Future Missions and 23 and Me DNA testing helped the researchers to investigate genomics and develop better treatments and medicines.
Genetic testing has become more approachable and affordable with population genomics, allowing individuals to understand the health risks. Eventually, this will help educate the patients and scientists with new genetic information to accelerate the production of tailored treatments and accurate medicines.